Wednesday, August 9, 2017

About the French and Indian War #genealogy #virginiapioneersnet

About the French and Indian War 

Indian AttacksDuring the years that Cromwell and his party were in power in England and after Charles II was restored to the English throne, the colonists cleared the forests, planted fields, traded with the Indians and established their homes in the wilderness of the New World. And the migration continued with settlers in Pennsylvania and Virginia pushing further westward into the valley of Ohio, while the English settlers in New York made their way through the forest towards the Great Lake. However, more than seventy years before Jamestown was settled, a French explorer by the name of Cartier entered the Gulf of St. Lawrence, sailed up the river of the same name, and and took taken possession of the wilderness country in the name of France; afterwards known as the great French stronghold in America. Then, in 1608, a Frenchman by the name of Champlain sailed up the beautiful river St. Lawrence, and was so charmed with the scenery of the country that he began to plant a colony on the site of what is now Quebec. The settlement soon became a city and the capital of the French possessions in America. The French were also the first explorers of the vast interior regions of our country. Their fur traders and trappers kept on good terms with the Indians, and slowly pushed along the shores of the Great Lakes until they had established a chain of trading-posts from the St. Lawrence to Lake Superior. About the time of King Philip's War in New England Father Marquette discovered the upper Mississippi, and floated down this great river nearly as far as the mouth of the Arkansas. However, it was the brave French explorers and fur-trader by the name of La Salle who gave France the right to claim as her own the vast domain of the Mississippi valley. When these sons of the forest found the English encroaching upon their lands and hunting grounds, they resented it. Meanwhile, another concern, the Indian tribes had steadily diminished, and they were unable to cope single-handed with the English. Hence they naturally looked to the French for help, and the French readily induced the Indians to join them against the English and their American descendants. It was a fierce struggle. English and American blood flowed like water before it was ended. The Indians never fought in open field, but always after their own fashion. They trusted to sudden attacks, especially at night, and to rapid raids, doing their savage work suddenly and retreating swiftly into the forest. Lonely families and small settlements suffered most. Like lightning out of the clear sky came the horror of an Indian night attack. The war-whoop waked the midnight sleepers and the glare of burning cabins lighted up the darkness. The massacre of defenseless women and children crimsoned the earth in scores of settlements during these cruel wars. Source: The Story of American History for Elementary Schools by Albert F. Blaisdell (1902). Roanoke Co. VA Genealogy Records
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