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Tuesday, October 24, 2017

Georgia Indians Migrate into Alabama and Onward #alabamagenealogy #southeasterngenealogy

The Migration of Georgia Indians into Alabama and Onward

1822 Map of CherokeesThe Coosa, Coushatta, or Koasata Indians inhabited most of the Coosa River valley from the Georgia state line down to about Selma, Alabama. During the late 18th century, remnants of the Coushatta Indians settled near Livingston, Texas on the Alabama-Coushatta Reservation. The Maubilian or Mobile tribes in Selma were scattered south and west throughout the lowlands of Alabama. They traded widely in the southeast and developed a Maubilian Trade Language, eventually merged with the Choctaw Nation. The Creeks began left Georgia about 1818 starting its trek westward into Oklahoma, Texas and Arkansas. In Alabama, the Creeks settled primarily in a large area bordered on the north by the southern Appalachian Mountains, on the west by the Cahaba and Alabama Rivers, on the south by the Florida border, and on the East by the Georgia border. What is now Clay and Randolph counties were once the center of a Creek Confederacy. The Seminole were formed in part by rebel elements of the Creek tribe and had part of their history in Alabama. In some treaties with the United States, the Seminole were included with the Creek Confederacy, at least up until the beginning of the Removal to the west. After the Revolutionary War, when Loyalists were declared traitors, renegade Creeks combined with other Indians from Alabama and Georgia to remove to Florida. These Creeks intermarried with runaway Negro slaves and thus gave rise to the Seminole tribe. The Chickasaws inhabited territory in northwest Alabama, however were mostly in northern Mississippi and southwestern Tennessee. The Cherokees occupied western Carolina, Tennesse and northern Georgia. There are three bands of Cherokees in Alabama officially recognized by the Alabama Indian Affairs Commission; viz: the Echota Cherokee Tribe headquartered in Sylacauga; The Cherokees of Northeast Alabama headquartered in Higdon, Alabama; and the Cherokees of Southeast Alabama headquartered in Dothan. 

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