Wednesday, January 17, 2018

Taxes and England in Colonial Days #vagenealogy #vaancestors #oldvawills #virginiapioneersnet

Taxes and England 

tobacco leafThe people have always been taxed. Actually, poor people were first taxed when William I conquered England and began his immense task for recording the names and properties in order to render taxes. Thereafter, English monarchs followed in tow, with the Parliament rendering its sting to the American Colonies during the early 1600s when merchants were required to collect tariffs for good shipped. As time progressed in the colony, Parliament found other means of taxation. When it was discovered that the Colonists were trading with Dutch ships and acquiring items at lower costs, a law was enacted to forbid this sort of trade. By 1765 Parliament had passed the Quartering Act which said the colonists needed to provide lodging or pay for lodging for British soldiers stationed in America. Yet, since the French and Indian War had ended, many colonists saw no need for soldiers to be stationed in the colonies. But Britain needed money to pay for its war debts and the King and Parliament believed they had the right to tax the colonies. They decided to require several kinds of taxes from the colonists to help pay for the French and Indian War. Such taxes included the Stamp Act, passed in 1765, which required the use of special paper bearing an embossed tax stamp for all legal documents. Other laws, such as the Townsend Acts, passed in 1767, required the colonists to pay taxes on imported goods like tea. Many colonists felt that they should not pay these taxes, because they were passed in England by Parliament, not by their own colonial governments. They protested, saying that these taxes violated their rights as British citizens. The colonists resisted by boycotting British goods. In 1773 some colonists in Boston, Massachusetts demonstrated their frustration by dressing up like Indians, sneaking onto ships in the harbor, and dumping imported tea into the water. This was called the Boston Tea Party. The British took action by closing the Boston port. A similar but smaller tea party took place in Yorktown, Virginia in 1774. Historians leave the general impression that it was the Stamp Act which roused Colonists. However, almost from the beginning of colonization, the English enacted many laws suggesting taxation. The trading medium in Virginia was tobacco which was used in Europe and the West Indies. 

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