Wednesday, February 14, 2018

The Founding of Augusta #georgiapioneers #georgiaancestors

The Founding of Augusta

St. Paul's Church in AugustaBefore the arrival of Oglethorpe, Augusta was the place where Native Americans crossed the Savannah River. The new settlement was first located in Savannah, however, three years later, Oglethorpe sent a detachment of troops on a journey up the Savannah River in order to construct a landing at the head of the navigable part of the river. Noble Jones, who among the first to arrive in the colony, was sent to establish a settlement which would provide a first line of defense against the Spanish and French. The town was named Augusta, in honor of Princess Augusta, wife of Frederick, Prince of Wales. Jones selected the flat slopes east of the sand hills (later Summerville) upon which to build. Augusta was the backbone of trade with the friendly Indians in the region. The trade routes expanded into (then)Edgefield South Carolina and up into Charleston. The tribes were Chickasaw and Creek, however the Savano (Shawnee) mostly traded in this region. By 1739 a road was built to connect Augusta to Savannah and in 1750, St. Paul's Church was built near Fort Augusta. In 1739, construction began on a road to connect Augusta to Savannah. This made it possible for people to reach Augusta by horse, rather than by boat, and more people began to migrate inland to Augusta. Later, in 1750, Augusta's first church, Saint Paul's, was built near Fort Augusta. It became the leader of the local parish. All of the activity with the Indians and new settlements ultimately resulted in settlements further south, with the Benjamin Hawkins establishing a Creek Agency in Crawford County near Macon.

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